How to Use Wheel Alignment?

Wheel alignment is an important maintenance procedure that ensures the wheels of a vehicle are properly aligned with each other and perpendicular to the ground. This helps maximize tire life and ensures straight driving on the road. 

Why is Wheel Alignment Important?

Proper wheel alignment is crucial for several reasons:

  1. Tire Life: Correct alignment helps distribute the weight of the vehicle evenly across all four tires, reducing uneven wear and extending tire life.
  2. Steering Stability: Proper alignment improves steering response and stability, ensuring the vehicle tracks straight and doesn't pull to one side.
  3. Fuel Efficiency: Misaligned wheels can cause increased rolling resistance, leading to decreased fuel efficiency.
  4. Safety: Wheel alignment plays a role in vehicle safety by maintaining optimal contact between the tires and the road surface, improving traction and handling.

Types of Wheel Alignment

There are three primary types of wheel alignment:

  1. Front-End Alignment: This type of alignment focuses on adjusting the angles of the front wheels, including the caster, camber, and toe. It is suitable for front-wheel-drive vehicles and helps address issues like pulling or unevenness in the steering.
  2. Thrust Alignment: Thrust alignment involves aligning the rear wheels to ensure they are parallel to the front wheels. This type of alignment is typically performed on vehicles with rear-wheel drive or all-wheel drive.
  3. Four-Wheel Alignment: Four-wheel alignment, also known as full alignment, involves aligning all four wheels of the vehicle. It is commonly performed on vehicles with all-wheel drive or when there are significant alignment issues.

Getting a Wheel Alignment

While it is possible to adjust wheel alignment yourself, it is generally recommended to have a professional perform the procedure. Professional service garages have the necessary tools, technology, and expertise to accurately measure and adjust the alignment angles.

During a wheel alignment service, a mechanic will:

  1. Measure and Adjust Angles: The mechanic will use specialized equipment to measure the angles of the wheels and make necessary adjustments to ensure they are aligned properly.
  2. Recalibrate Steering Wheel: After adjusting the angles, the mechanic will recalibrate the steering wheel to a center position.
  3. Test Drive: A test drive is typically performed to confirm that the alignment is correct and the vehicle is driving straight.

The duration of a wheel alignment service can vary but generally takes around 60 to 90 minutes to complete, assuming no suspension components need replacement.


Wheel alignment is an essential maintenance procedure that ensures the wheels of a vehicle are properly aligned. It helps maximize tire life, improves steering stability, enhances fuel efficiency, and promotes overall safety. While it is possible to perform a wheel alignment yourself, it is generally recommended to have a professional handle the procedure for accurate results.

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